1. In both Numbers 13:29 and Joshua 5:1 the Canaanites were described as dwelling "by the sea" on the coast of the Mediterranean. In Isaiah 23:11, the term is applied to Phoenicia. The Septuagint translates "Canaanites" by "Phoenicians," and "Canaan" by the "land of the Phoenicians" (Ex. 16:35; Josh. 5:12). Tyre and Sidon were their famous cities. Sidon is called the "firstborn" of Canaan (Gen. 10:15 cf. 10:19). Although Numbers 21:3 indicates that many of the Canaanites were utterly destroyed by Israel, some Canaanite cities were preserved (Judges 1: 33). Zarephath was midway between Tyre and Sidon, and may have had some population of mixed Jewish ancestry (I Kings 7:13-14). Solomon bought cedar from Hiram king of Tyre and hired Canaanites to craft the temple's brass works. He gave Hiram twenty cities in Galilee as payment. Hiram seems to be overjoyed to help build the Lord's temple and blesses the name of YHWH (I Kings 5:6-7). The widow of Zarephath replied to Elijah in such a way as to show a strong awareness and very possibly even faith in the God of Israel. Her reply to him is "As YHWH thy God liveth . . ." Centuries later, another Syro-Phoenician woman from the very same area would call Christ by his messianic title, `O Lord, thou Son of David' (Matt. 15:22).
2. Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for `ZAREPHATH.'" "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia." <>. 1915.
3. Mark 10:47_49. By His delay in answering, Jesus often tested others' response before He Himself addressed the petitioner directly; cf. Luke 7:36-48.
4. Kunarion (Strong's 2952) was the Semitic term for small dogs, house dogs, or family pets. These could expect to receive their master's benevolence, although obviously subordinate to the children. Care must always be observed with animal metaphors. Christ is called the lion of Judah, but Satan is also compared to a roaring lion looking for someone to devour. Satan is elsewhere called the great serpent, but Christ compares himself to the serpent that was lifted up by Moses in the wilderness. Jesus elsewhere charged His disciples to be wise as serpents. When one finds a hammer, everything starts to look like a nail. Although Scripture at times decidedly calls for cutting and pugnacious words (e.g., Ezekiel 16:25,28 cf. 23:20), I think a case could be made that this was not one of those examples. Besides choosing what seems to be an affectionate term for the task, it could arguably be the only instance where Christ ever greeted true Spirit-given faith with a supposed insult (Matt 12:20 cf. Rom. 10:14).
5. C. H. Spurgeon. The Perseverance of Faith. Sermon No. 2253, October 30, 1890.
6. I Kings 17:18-24. To this day, the traditional site of Elijah's apartment in the widow's house is marked by a small chapel in the village known now as As Sarafand. See also footnote #1, and discussion elsewhere on Luke 4:16-30.


1. If you are a member of Moscow's liberal elite reading this article on the web, please note that I am telling you now that this scenario is purely fictional. As in I'm making these facts up.

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