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Volume 7, Issue 6: Footnotes

Quotations in Order of Appearance


1. Merle D'Aubigne, Life and Times of Martin Luther (Chicago: Moody Press, 1955) p. 519.
2. B.B. Warfield, Counterfeit Miracles (Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth, 1976 [1918]) p. 6.
3. Old Trinity Hymnal, #80.
4. Westminster Confession of Faith (Glasgow: Free Presbyterian Publications, 1988) p. 22.
5. Walter Chantry, Signs of the Apostles (Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth, 1979) pp. 25-26.
6. Frederick Dale Brunner, A Theology of the Holy Spirit (Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 1970) p. 19.
7. H.L. Mencken, "The Hills of Zion" found in A Mencken Chrestomathy (New York, NY: Vintage Books, [1916], 1982) p. 396.
8. C.S. Lewis, Miracles (New York, NY: MacMillan, 1947) pp. 173-174.
9. Bob Dylan on some album or other. Oh, all right. The song is called "Dignity" and only appears on Volume III of Dylan's greatest hits, and was released by Columbia in 1994.
10. Neil Babcox, A Search for Charismatic Reality: One Man's Pilgrimage (Portland, OR: Multnomah Press, 1985) pp. 52, 54,64,65.
11. Ken Gentry, The Charismatic Gifl of Prophecy: A Reformed Response to Wayne Grudem (Memphis, TN: Footstool Publ., 1989) p. 28.
12. O. Palmer Robertson, The Final Word: A Biblical Response to the Case for Tongues and Prophecy Today (Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth, 1993) p. 55.
13. Os Guinness, Fit Bodies, Fat Minds: Why Evangelicals Don't Think and What to Do About It (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1995) p. 39.
14. Cited in Iain Murray, Jonathan Edwards: A New Biography (Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth, 1992) p. 229.
15. John MacArthur, Reckless Faith (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books, 1994) p. 186,187.


1. For more on this, see Ken Gentry, A Reformed Response to Wayne Grudem on Prophecy (Memphis, TN: Footstool Publ., 1989).
2. Prophecy from Vineyard Web Page ( "Toronto Airport Prophecies," Mark Dupont, Part II, July 5, 1993, Vancouver, Canada, 1.1.
3. Iain Murray, Jonathan Edwards: A New Biography (Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth, 1992) p. 222.
4. For more argumentation on these questions see Gary DeMar, Last Days Madness (Atlanta, GA: American Vision, 1995).
5. In 1 Corinthians 13, Paul tells us that indeed the gifts would end at some pivotal point (1 Cor. 13:8). Many noncharismatics have tried to find the closing of the New Testament canon in this passage, but this is exceedingly unconvincing and out of context. Nowhere else in the New Testament do we find historical significance in the closing of the canon.
Charismatics, on the other hand, try to find Paul speaking of the Second Coming. But that is even more unconvincing. If it were the Second Coming, then Paul would be saying that supernatural revelation would cease in the eternal state, but the eternal state will certainly be the highpoint of supernatural revelation, not its end (Rev. 21:22). Moreover, Paul describes the time before this pivotal event as a time of immaturity in contrast to a time of more perfect understanding. If that pivotal event were the Second Coming, then the Church would have to be described as being in an immature, childish state right up to the Second Coming. But this conflicts with Paul's confidence that the Church will one day attain to be "a perfect man" in the "unity of the faith" (Eph. 4:13). So Paul can't be speaking of the Second Coming or the closing of the New Testament canon in 1 Corinthians 13.
The pivotal event that does stand out in the New Testament is that noted above, the destruction of Jerusalem. When Paul speaks of that time in 2 Thessalonians 2, he describes it as a time of greater understanding since it will "reveal" the "mystery of lawlessness" (2 Thess. 2:3,6,8). The coming-in-judgment of Christ in 70 A.D. would fulfill and explain quite poignantly all the prophesies about the doom of Jerusalem which would have appeared somewhat opaque to Paul's first-century readers. Given that context, Paul's cessation comments in 1 Corinthians 13 fit these events quite well. The judgment of the Perfect One, Christ, will completely do away with the remaining Jewish ceremonial system, "that which is in part will be done away" (v.10). Though prior to 70 A.D. they heard the somewhat odd prophetic judgments on Jerusalem unclearly, "in a mirror dimly," after the judgment, Christians will clearly know "face to face"(v. 12) Christ's decisive work of fully integrating the New Covenant and destroyin g of the Old"Now I know in part, but then I shall know just as I also am known" (v. 12).
This is only an exegetical sketch, but of the three options for the event in 1 Corinthians 13 marking the cessation of charismatic gifts (Canon closure, Second Coming, Judgment on Jerusalem), the latter option fits the New Testament context best.


1. William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England, William Carey Jones, ed. (San Francisco: Bancroft-Whitney Co., 1916) p. 5.
2. Ibid.


1. Thomas Watson, The Godly Man's Picture (Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth, [1666] 1992) p. 148.
2. Ibid. p. 153.


1. The conflation with Isaiah 26:20 helps to explain the differences between Hebrews 10:37-38 and Habakkuk 2:3-4, especially in the change from Habakkuk's " It will surely come, it will not tarry" to the Hebrews' quote " He who is coming will come and will not tarry." Both refer to the coming judgment of God on a foreign nation which has persecuted God's people. Isaiah 26:21 pictures this judgment as God Himself coming to punish the nation."


1. Kenneth Copeland, The Force of Faith (Fort Worth, Tx: Kenneth Copeland, 1980), as quoted in The Agony of Deceit, Michael Horton, ed. (Chicago: Moody Press,. 1990), p. 146.
2. F. F. Bosworth, Christ the Healer (Old Tappan: Fleming H. Revell, 1973), as quoted in Healing and Holiness, C. Samuel Storms (Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., 1990) p. 28.

Non Est

1. Paul Kurtz, The Transcendental Temptation (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1991).
2. Stephen Benko, Pagan Rome and Early Christians (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1984) p. 46.
3. Ibid., p. 112.

Repairing the Ruins

1. C.S. Lewis, Selected Literary Essays, "De Descriptione Temporum" 1955.
2. Ibid.


1. As Walter Lippmann would later call ideas. See Walter Lippmann, Public Opinion (New York: Free Press, 1922). Cf. Chapter 1, "The World Outside and the Pictures in Our Heads."
2. George M. Marsden, Understanding Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1991), pp. 192-193.
3. Thomas Reid succeeded Adam Smith (the guru of laissez-faire economics) as professor of moral philosophy at the University of Glasgow in 1764. Smith was a close friend of the radical skeptic David Hume. Smith occupied the chair of moral philosophy at Glasgow from 1752 to 1764.
4. Richard J. Petersen, Scottish Common Sense in America, 1768-1850: An Evaluation of Influence, unpublished doctoral thesis, The American University, 1963, pp. 32-35.
5. Thomas Reid, Inquiry into the Human Mind or the Principles of Common Sense , Ch. 1, Sec. III, and Ch. 2, Sects. II-IV. See also John Vander Stelt, Philosophy and Scripture: A Study in Old Princeton and Westminster Theology (Marlton, N.J.: Mack Publishing Co., 1978) pp. 9-35.
6. Sydney E. Ahlstrom, "Theology in America: A Historical Survey, " in The Shaping of American Religion , James Ward Smith and A. Leland Jamison, eds., (Princeton: Princeton U. Press, 1961).
7. John C. Vander Stelt, p. 32.
8. Although Witherspoon attacked the theological liberalism of the Moderates in his popular book, Ecclesiastical Characteristics, or the Arcana of Church Polity (1753), he nevertheless retained key elements of their Common Sense philosophy.
9. John Witherspoon, Lectures on Moral Philosophy and Eloquence (Philadelphia, 1810), pp. 141-142.
10. Marsden, pp.192,198-199.


1. Richmond Lattimore, trans., Hesiod (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1959).
2. Friedrich Solmsen, Hesiod and Aeschylus (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1949) p. 124ff.
3. P.E. More, trans. Prometheus Bound in Oates and O'Neill, eds. The Complete Greek Drama (New York: Random House, 1938) vol. 1, p. 127.
4. Ibid , p. 128.
5. Slightly adapted from More's translation ( ibid ., p. 136). Aeschylus' phrase in line 325the key oneis pros kentra kolon ekteneis (lit., "straighten not your leg against the goads").
6. Greek: pros kentra laktidzein (lit., "kick against the goads"); the same in Acts 26:14.


1. George Grant, "Three Essential Elements of Biblical Charity: Faith, Family, and Work" in David Hall (ed.), Welfare Reformed (Franklin, TN: Legacy Communications, 1994) p. 67.
2. See "Ressentiment," Herbert Schlossberg, Idols for Destruction (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books, 1990) p. 51.


1. Charles Swindoll, in an interview with Christianity Today , October 25, 1993, p. 14.
2. Charles C. Ryrie, Dispensationalism Today (Chicago: Moody Press, 1969) p. 88.
3. Curtis I. Crenshaw and Grover E. Gunn, III. Dispensationalism Today, Yesterday, and Tomorrow (Memphis, TN: Footstool Publications, 1989) p. 9-13.
4. Craig A. Blaising and Darrell L. Bock (Editors), Dispensationalism, Israel and the Church, The Search for Definition (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1992) p. 33.
5. Oswald T. Allis, Prophecy and the Church. An Examination of the Claim of Dispensationalists that the Christian Church is a Mystery Parenthesis which Interrupts the Fulfillment to Israel of the Kingdom Prophecies of the Old Testament (Phillipsburg, New Jersey: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company, 1945). p. 21-23. Greg L. Bahnsen and Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr. House Divided, The Break-Up of Dispensational Theology. (Tyler, TX: Institute for Christian Economics, 1989) p. 275. Curtis I. Crenshaw and Grover E. Gunn. Dispensationalism Today, Yesterday, and Tomorrow (Memphis, TN: Footstool Publications, 1985) p. 1-14. John H. Gerstner, Wrongly Dividing the Word of Truth , 87-93. Hans K. LaRondelle, The Israel of God in Prophecy. Principles of Prophetic Interpretation. (Berrien Springs, Michigan: Andrews University Press, 1983) 30-31. Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr., He Shall Have Dominion. A Postmillennial Eschatology (Tyler, TX: Institute for Christian Economics, 1992) 153-155. James H. Snowden, The Coming of the Lord (New York: MacMillan, 1919) p.220.
6. C. H. Ryrie, The Basis of the Premillennial Faith (New York: Loizeaux Brothers, 1953) p. 17.
7. Lightner, The Last Days Handbook (Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Publ. 1990) p. 56-57.
8. Allan P. Boyd, "A Dispensational Premillennial Analysis of the Eschatology of the Post-Apostolic Fathers (Until the Death of Justin Martyr)" (Th.M. thesis, Dallas Theological Seminary, 1977), p. 89. Cited in Gerstner, Wrongly Dividing the Word of Truth , p. 10-11.
9. Ibid.
10. Wesley R. Willis and John R. Master, Issues in Dispensationalism (Chicago: Moody Press, 1994) p. 11.
11. Richard L. Mayhue, "Who is Wrong? A Review of John Gerstner's Wrongly Dividing the Word of Truth," The Master's Seminary Journal 3/1 (Spring 1992) 73-94.

Cave of Adullam

1. Canon Alistaire Leithwerst, Homophobic Reactions In the Mesopotamian Milieu: A Study in Contrasts (Stumpwater, TN: Turgid Books, 1998) p. xxiii.

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